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Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Irritable Bowel Syndrome or IBS is characterised by a range of symptoms that generally mean a regularly upset stomach and abdominal pain. It can be very disruptive to day to day life and is very commonly misdiagnosed and mistreated.

Often IBS is the “go to” self diagnosis or diagnosis given by those who are only partially informed about the complexities of the gut. As with any ailment, accurate diagnosis is crucial in the treatment and management of any ailment. Obtaining an accurate diagnosis can be the difference between lifelong symptoms and a life without symptoms – or at the very least, manageable symptoms.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome as a diagnosis is bloating, cramping and altered bowel habits, without underlying organic disease. It is crucial to note the “without underlying organic disease” as IBS is often applied as the diagnosis and a treatment plan put in place when these symptoms can appear across a number of other underlying conditions, which are treatable – and if treated correctly, can result in no ongoing symptoms. This is where accurate diagnosis by a Gastroenterologist can be of such value, as a life without symptoms is certainly the goal.

​Symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome

IBS symptoms and severity, like any ailment, range from patient to patient. Some of the common symptoms in IBS patients are:

  • Bloating
  • Cramping
  • Pain in the abdomen
  • Altered bowel habits
  • Diarrhoea or constipation (or alternating between)


As previously mentioned, accurate diagnosis of IBS is crucial in providing an effective treatment plan. As IBS symptoms can be confused with other underlying conditions, misdiagnosis can result in treatment plans that do not provide the most relief available.

Often patients who begin to experience digestive issues and other gut related issues, is to begin removing foods from the diet. Whilst this may be the treatment method for say, a diagnosed coeliac, removal of foods without accurate diagnosis can result in at least nutrient depletion – and at worst, it can mean the true underlying condition is not treated, which in some cases can be quite severe.

If the condition is accurately diagnosed as IBS, then treatment can range from dietary modifications, which are specific to the individual, through to medications.

Whilst IBS can be very uncomfortable, it fortunately does not cause any alteration or damage to the gut – and does not increase the risk for cancer.

If you would like to read more about Irritable Bowel Syndrome, please refer to the GESA Fact Sheet on our fact sheet page.

Read more about IBS

What are the causes of stomach cramps after eating?

Find out why you get abdominal cramps after eating


Certain types of food can trigger symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Go on a FODMAP diet, which means eliminating food that has short-chain carbohydrates (sugars) that the small intestine absorbs poorly. You must also avoid food made with refined grains like bread and cereals, carbonated drinks, coffee, alcohol, high-protein food, and dairy products.

Treatment for IBS focusses on relieving symptoms so that you can lead a healthier life. Mild signs and symptoms can be controlled by managing stress and by making changes to your diet and lifestyle. These may include adopting a low-FODMAP diet, exercising regularly, drinking plenty of fluid, and getting enough sleep.

The best way to avoid bloating, a symptom of irritable bowel syndrome, is to avoid eating food that triggers bloating. Try eating smaller, regular meals, avoid skipping meals, and try reducing your intake of fibre, certain fruits and bran. Regular exercise can also reduce bloating.

You can. You may start experiencing IBS symptoms suddenly, despite never having any history of irritable bowel syndrome or any other gastrointestinal condition.

Irritable bowel syndrome patients may experience abdominal cramping in addition to irregular bowel movements. You may also feel like your bowels are bloated.

Unfortunately, irritable bowel syndrome cannot be cured. However, with the right treatments and a proper diet plan, the IBS symptoms can be lessened.

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