What is colic?
Colic is a common condition in babies, where they cry for unexplained reasons. While the condition is associated with children, adults may experience signs of colic as well.
Colic in adults may occur when a sharp, sudden pain arises in spasms like waves, which may occur repeatedly for days, months and years.
Colic-related pain in adults is caused by the contraction of muscles around a partial or complete blockage in certain organs including the small intestine, large intestine, rectum, gallbladder, kidney or ureter.
Types of colic in adults
Biliary colic occurs when gallstones, which are hardened forms of bile, block the bile valves that regulate the flow of bile from the gallbladder to the pancreas or the liver.
The primary symptom of biliary colic is a sharp, abrupt pain just under the breast bone or the centre of the abdomen.
Renal colic can occur when kidney or urinary stones, crystal-like calcium stones that form anywhere between the kidney and the urethra, block the urinary tract.
Apart from the pain, other symptoms of renal colic include:
- Painful urination
- Bloody or foul-smelling urine
Intestinal colic manifests with a cramp-like pain that may occur when the gastrointestinal tract is blocked, preventing food and liquid from passing through the body.
The blockages may be caused by:
- The formation of scar tissue due to prior surgeries
- Inflammatory intestinal diseases
- Cancerous tumours
- Impacted faeces
Symptoms of intestinal colic in adults may include:
- The inability to pass bowels
- A loss of appetite
- Abdominal distension
Diagnosis of colic in adults
Consult a gastrointestinal specialist if you experience any of the symptoms of biliary colic, intestinal colic or renal colic.
Your specialist may look into your medical history including prior surgeries, family medical history and previous bouts of pain.
They may also perform several tests to ascertain the cause of the pain, including a physical test that involves applying pressure to tender areas in your stomach.
In this process, you may be asked to undergo X-ray scans or other imaging tests such as CT scans and ultrasound scans.
There are various treatment options available for colic, depending on what causes the pain and the severity of the condition.
You might be administered painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs to reduce the discomfort. You may also be recommended shockwave treatment to break up the stones in your kidney or the gallbladder if the condition is more severe.
Serious cases of biliary colic might require minimally invasive surgery to remove the gallbladder, which is considered to be a non-essential organ.
Schedule an appointment with gastrointestinal specialists
The team of specialists at the Sydney Gut Clinic are trained and experienced in treating a range of gastrointestinal illnesses including colic.
Request an appointment with one of our specialists if you’ve noticed symptoms of this condition and are experiencing any pain.